Philanthropic capital and how best to deploy it for maximum social impact, was the focus of one of Davos’ 2020 high-level meeting entitled, ‘Stakeholders for a Cohesive and Sustainable World: The Role of Philanthropy in Emerging Economies’.
Discussion leaders comprised Sheikha Bodour bint Sultan bin Muhammad Al Qasimi, Founder and Chairperson of Kalimat Foundation for Children’s Empowerment; H.E. Dr Thani Ahmed Alzeyoudi, UAE Minister of Climate Change and Environment; H.E. Dr Rania Al-Mashat, Egyptian Minister of International Cooperation; David Miliband, President & CEO, International Rescue Committee; Peter Maurer, President of the International Committee of the Red Cross; Sara Pantuliano, CEO, Overseas Development Institute; and, Olivia Leland, Founder and CEO, Co-Impact.
The event was co-hosted by Professor Stephen Toope, Vice Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, and Badr Jafar, CEO of Crescent Enterprises, at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.
Badr Jafar opened the discussion by acknowledging the huge opportunity that is the future growth of philanthropic capital from rapidly developing economies, including the Middle East. “This growth is expected in part due to the $4 trillion intergenerational wealth transfer predicted in the coming 10 years, with Islamic philanthropy alone estimated to generate anywhere between $400 billion to $1 trillion every single year,” he noted. Jafar went on to point out the opportunity to create “positive, scalable and sustainable social impact and contribute to delivering the UN Sustainable Development Goals”.
“Where philanthropic capital fills a market gap, and is focused, measurable and scalable, it can create real system change,” Badr Jafar said, noting that “the sector generally still lacks methodologies to track and measure impact and wastes resources through duplication. This is partly due to fragmentation, and the lack of established systems for collaboration and partnership.” Jafar added that better institutional learning and data sharing would make it easier to avoid the mistakes of the past, encourage co-investment and embrace new innovative ways of deploying philanthropic capital in order to maximise impact.
Professor Stephen Toope, Vice Chancellor of the University of Cambridge and co-host of the event, noted that despite the growth in appetite for measuring impact, philanthropists themselves still feel that not enough data underpins their work. “Too much philanthropy is still not based on research,” he said, adding that there is a “real need to get better alignment between the research output of academic institutions and the needs of philanthropists in order to improve impact.”
Professor Toope also noted that too often philanthropists are not aware of existing research that could support their work or don’t know how to access it and thus aren’t able to take an evidence-based approach. He said that both academics and practitioners would do well to work more closely together to build a data cohort that can help inform methodologies, improve efficiency and effectiveness and encourage greater collaboration in this extremely heterogeneous sector.
Discussion leaders and participants collectively acknowledged the need to promote the development of the philanthropic sector in these markets through better and more accessible data, engaging with next generation philanthropists, and the promotion of greater collaboration in the sector. Representatives of the development community acknowledged the potential for the growth in philanthropic capital to help offset the $2.5 trillion annual funding gap to meet the Sustainable Development Goals. They also called for more consistent dialogue with their philanthropic counterparts. Participants also discussed the need for the sector to become more transparent and better at sharing lessons learned.
The session concluded that there was a huge opportunity to improve the impact of philanthropy within and from the emerging markets through more focused and evidence-based research, that co-investment was critical for meeting the Sustainable Development Goals over the next 10 years.