Scientists will begin work on four studies that will tackle key challenges facing the UK as it adapts to climate change and moves to net zero emissions.
Led by the universities of Cambridge, Exeter, Glasgow and Oxford, each team will work to develop solutions to four issues:
achieving net zero cities
helping rural communities adapt to climate change
providing timely data, analysis and evidence for policy decisions.
The four programmes have each received £10 million from the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) to bring together teams drawing on expertise from a range of disciplines.
Helping Glasgow reach net zero
The Glasgow living lab programme, GALLANT, will help Glasgow move towards climate resilience whilst tackling health, social and economic inequalities.
It will focus on:
capturing greenhouse gases in formerly derelict land
valuing riverbanks as community spaces
promoting active travel
creating energy solutions.
Almost 50 new jobs will be created in Glasgow.
A green, inclusive economy
Lead research Professor Jaime L Toney, director of the Centre for Sustainable Solutions, University of Glasgow, said:
Using Glasgow as a living lab is an exciting opportunity to collaborate with communities and stakeholders across the city to deliver tangible environmental solutions that also improve public health, wellbeing, and move us toward a green, inclusive economy.
Environmental and ecological threats
Researchers from University of Cambridge will tackle environmental threats to nearly half the UK’s home-grown vegetables and more than a quarter of its rare and endangered wild animals.
It is part of a major countryside regeneration project to safeguard the country’s most important agricultural land and beloved rural idylls.
Farming in the Fens, pine martens in the Cairngorms, and disappearing woodlands in the Lake District will all benefit from a £10 million grant to work with:
They will address ecological threats such as:
Professor Stephen J Toope, Vice Chancellor of the University of Cambridge, said:
The interlinked extinction and climate crises pose a major threat to our future.
Harnessing the full-breadth of expertise across Cambridge, this project will develop evidence-informed solutions and provide tools for government and stakeholders to regenerate landscapes for the benefit of climate, nature, the economy and society.
Achieving UK commitments
The University of Oxford’s AGILE project will undertake rapid six-month sprint studies to better input scientific expertise and data into the government’s environmental policymaking.
These studies will include:
scaling up nature-based solutions across the UK
decarbonising shipping, which is responsible for 2.5 % of greenhouse gas emissions
carbon capture and storage
tackling biodiversity loss.
The project will take lessons learned from the work to create the Oxford Astra Zeneca COVID-19 vaccine.
Rapid, measurable impact
Professor Nathalie Seddon, professor of biodiversity and director of Oxford’s Nature-based Solutions Initiative, says:
The AGILE initiative intends to change how research and evidence are embedded in environmental policy.
The first five sprint projects and their teams are already established, and these will be the focus of our first year.
But this is a five-year project with the mandate and the funding to keep pinpointing and working on those areas of environmental policy where rapid scientific insight can have rapid and measurable impact.
Researchers at the University of Exeter with the National Trust will investigate and tackle biodiversity loss in the UK through partnerships and community action.
The ‘renewing biodiversity through a people-in-nature approach’ (RENEW) project will work with landowners, businesses, and communities to restore woodlands, wetlands, and farmland across:
The project will put people at the centre of action on biodiversity renewal and build expertise across different sectors and communities.
Creating sustainable solutions
Project lead, Professor Kevin Gaston at the University of Exeter said:
Currently, the UK is one of the world’s most nature-depleted countries, with 40% of monitored species having declined in abundance in recent decades.
We rely on the biodiversity of the planet’s ecosystem to provide oxygen, pollination of plants, food and much more, making this a crucial time to act.
We will bring together wide-ranging research and partnership expertise with environmental and community intelligence to create the sustainable solutions required.
Investing in world-leading science
Professor Sir Duncan Wingham, Executive Chair of NERC, said:
As COP26 has shown, it’s imperative that we invest in world-leading science to find solutions now to climate change and recovery of our natural environment.
This investment by NERC will enable an ambitious step change in how the best science from across different disciplines can come together to address major environmental challenges facing the UK and support the transition to a net zero and nature-positive future.