A coalition consisting of more than 30 major retail businesses*, are urging MPs to avoid shackling over three million shopworkers to a “life sentence” of violence, abuse and anti-social behaviour by encouraging them to back an amendment to a flagship Government crime bill which would offer frontline workers greater protection.
The call for stiffer penalties for those committing assaults and attacks on shopworkers comes as a new report* “Breaking the Cycle: Gaining the views of criminal justice practitioners and retail offenders on effective sentencing” is launched.
The research – written by Dr Emmeline Taylor and funded through the Co-op’s Safer Colleagues, Safer Communities, campaign – offers a response to the White Paper “A Smarter Approach to Sentencing and the Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Bill”, and provides clear opportunities to encourage Government to legislate to protect and support shopworkers.
Retailers, unions, trade and industry bodies are standing together, writing to the Prime Minister to say that legislation is needed to protect the three million people that work in the retail sector however, Government is so far rejecting the calls stating that ‘it remains unpersuaded of the need for a specific offence.’
As previous legislation to protect shopworkers in England and Wales fell at the end of the last Parliamentary session, retailers are now urging Government’ to change its mind and bring forward an amendment – or new clause – to its Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts (PCSC) Bill, which would deliver greater protection for all frontline shopworkers.
The new research supports the Bill’s intention to increase the maximum penalty for assaulting an emergency worker from 12 months to two years imprisonment and, to provide the courts with enhanced powers to sentence in those situations in a way that reflects the severity of that offence. However, it goes on to stress that in light of the increase in the frequency and severity of assaults against shop workers, it is understandable that those working in the retail sector are also calling for similar legislation to protect them, something which would send a clear signal to perpetrators that their behaviour in communities is unacceptable, whilst signalling to victims that these crimes will be taken seriously.
In Scotland, the Protection of Workers (Retail and Age-restricted Goods and Services) Act became law in February 2021 following a unanimous vote.
Revealing its latest data, in the first quarter of 2021, Co-op has seen almost 400 incidents where weapons have been used against shopworkers, with more than one-in-two (56%) of those involving either sharp implements, such as a syringe or knife or, a bottle.
Last year (2020) Co-op saw a 76% increase in recorded anti-social behaviour and verbal abuse compared to 2019 – with more than 100 incidents every day. Over the last five years (since 2016) there has been a 35-fold increase in this type of incident.
Co-op also saw a near 10% uplift in violent incidents in 2020 compared with 2019, which now means that assaults and attacks on its frontline shopworkers has increased by more than 650% over the same five-year period.
In the latest Crime Survey* (2021) issued by the Association of Convenience Stores (ACS), the trade body reported that almost nine-in-ten (89%) of those working in local shops had experienced some kind of abuse. Its report estimated some 40,000 incidents of violence in the sector last year, with 65% of respondents having seen Covid related threats to staff.
Jo Whitfield, Co-op Retail CEO, said: “Violence, abuse and anti-social behaviour towards shopworkers is unacceptable, and it is clear from our conversations that there is appetite across the political spectrum to bring forward new clauses to the Government’s Crime (PCSC) Bill which would provide the protection that frontline shopworkers need and, deserve. Stiffer sentencing will send out a clear message that criminal behaviour in our communities will not be tolerated by society, and importantly lets shopworkers – who have gone to amazing lengths to feed and care for communities throughout the pandemic – know that they are being listened to and taken seriously. Assaults and abuse should not be part of the job, and by standing together, I am confident we can encourage the Government to change its mind and bring about greater protection for shopworkers in all our communities.”
Dr Emmeline Taylor, author of the report, said: “No one can deny that criminal justice is in need of reform – when nearly two thirds of offenders released from short custodial sentences reoffend within a year it is clear that the system isn’t working. The Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Bill provides an opportunity to enact legislation that will better serve victims, protect communities and rehabilitate offenders. The Bill introduces better protections for emergency workers. Given the alarming frequency and severity of assaults against shop workers, an amendment to the Bill to include them would signal that these crimes will be taken seriously. The legal leverage of the new Act could potentially improve the likelihood that offenders comply with treatment services and secure long-term change in their behaviour.”
Association of Convenience Stores chief executive James Lowman said: “Retailers and their colleagues faced over a million incidents of verbal abuse and thousands of attacks over the last year, despite keeping their communities going throughout the pandemic. We are sending a clear message that these incidents will not be tolerated, and that those who attack shopworkers will not reoffend. The Government has been considering tougher sentencing as part of a range of measures to deal with violence and abuse for a long time – we need action now.”
Paddy Lillis – Usdaw General Secretary says: “We welcome another expert report from Dr Taylor, but deeply regret that her further intervention is necessary because of growing violence, threats and abuse against shopworkers. Usdaw’s 2020 survey showed that 9 in 10 shopworkers had been abused last year and the situation had become much worse during the pandemic. So it is very disappointing that the Government continues to resist calls from across the retail industry for new legislation to protect shopworkers. When major retail businesses and the shopworkers’ trade union jointly call for legislation, it is time for the Government to listen. In Scotland MSPs voted through a new ground-breaking law to give shopworkers greater protection. We are now looking for MPs to support key workers across retail and help turn around the UK Government’s opposition. Abuse should never be just a part of the job, shopworkers deserve respect and the protection of the law.”
Co-op has invested more than £140m in measures to protect colleagues, introducing the latest technology to keep colleagues safer and to deter violence and abuse including: the latest CCTV; communication headsets for all frontline colleagues; SmartWater spray for security officers to deploy in the most extreme incidents and which provides evidence for the police to act on later; fog cannons in kiosk areas and, body-worn cameras which can send real time audio and visual footage to a security operation centre at the touch of a button and, which will be activated in over 550 stores by the end of 2021.
Dear Prime Minister
We know that you recognise the vital contribution retail workers have made throughout the pandemic from making sure we can all access food and necessities, dispensing prescriptions and providing financial services. They have truly been the ‘hidden heroes’ of the pandemic.
We also know how seriously you personally take the issue of violence and abuse against them and we welcome the work being done by your Government through the National Retail Crime Steering Group, led by Kit Malthouse MP. The recent #shopkind campaign, for example, was funded by the Home Office and has been enormously successful in reminding customers to treat our colleagues with respect.
However, we all recognise that the issue of violence and abuse is still getting worse. The British Retail Consortium estimate that more than 400 retail workers are physically attacked every day while the Association of Convenience Stores estimate that 89% of shopworkers in local shops were verbally abused in 2020. Therefore, we would encourage you and your Government to use the Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Bill to provide the legal protection that retail workers deserve. The Bill provides you with an opportunity to ensure that in every part of the UK they have the protection they need.
You can be assured that if you were to use the Bill to provide the protection retail workers deserve then you would have the support and thanks of not just us as a group of retail CEOs but also the millions of retail workers who would benefit from such protection.
1. Jo Whitfield, Retail CEO, Co-op
2. Giles Hurley, CEO, ALDI
3. James Lowman, CEO, Association of Convenience Stores
4. Roger Burnley, CEO, ASDA
5. Mark Jackson, CEO, Bensons for Beds
6. Andrew Goodacre, CEO, Bira
7. Sebastian James, President and Managing Director, Boots UK
8. Helen Dickinson, CEO, British Retail Consortium
9. Debbie Robinson, CEO, Central England Co-operative
10. Barry Wood, CEO, Chelmsford Star Co-operative
11. Alex Baldock, CEO, Dixons Carphone
12. Roger Grosvenor, CEO, East of England Co-op
13. Roger Whiteside OBE, CEO, Greggs
14. Damian McGloughlin, CEO, Homebase UK and Ireland
15. Tarsem Dhaliwal, CEO, Iceland & The Food Warehouse
16. Pippa Wicks, Executive Director, John Lewis
17. John Brodie, CEO, Lakes and Dales Co-op
18. Christian Härtnagel, CEO, Lidl GB
19. Steve Rowe, CEO, Marks & Spencer
20. Jonathan Miller, CEO, McColls Retail Group
21. David Potts, CEO, Morrisons
22. Ken McMeikan, CEO, Moto Hospitality
23. Ken Towle, CEO, Nisa
24. Peter Pritchard, Group CEO, Pets at Home
25. Nick Read, CEO, Post Office Limited
26. Don Morris, CEO, Radstock Co-operative
27. Simon Roberts, CEO, Sainsbury’s
28. Mark Smith, CEO, Southern Co-op
29. Jason Tarry, CEO UK and ROI, Tesco
30. Phil Ponsonby, CEO, The Midcounties Co-operative
31. James Bailey, Executive Director, Waitrose
32. Carl Cowling, CEO, WHSmith